Places to visit in Pondicherry Tourist Places India Beach
Pondicherry is a walker's delight with well-organized streets and quaint signboards displaying street names in French and Tamil, and quite often their renamed Indian version. Goubert Avenue (Beach Road) and Anna Salai form the town's eastern and western edges, connected by two arterial roads, Lal Bahadur Shastri (Bussy) Street and Jawaharlal Nehru Street South Boulevard (Subbaiah Salai) and North Boulevard (SV Patel Road), connected by MG Road and Ambour Salai, Complete the oblong.
French Quarter and Tamil Quarter
The cobblestoned paths of the French Quarter with its charming yellow and white buildings are towards the beachfront road. A canal separates it from the Tamil Quarter, which lies inland. More congested with closely stacked homes displaying rich vernacular architecture, the Tamil Quarter is further demarcated into a Hindu Quarter in the north, the Christian Quarter in the centre (Around the Immaculate Conception Cathedral) and the Muslim Quarter to the south. Sri Aurobindo Ashram is in the north of the French Quarter, whereas the Promenade, other key sights and most up market hotels, guesthouses, restaurants, cafes and boutiques are concentrated in the wide streets towards the south of this quarter.
Arikamedu is identified as the Roman trading destination of the 3rd century BCE. It is a part of Ariyankuppam. This places is about 3.2km from Pondicherrry. It was a part of Pallava Kingdom of Kanchipuram in 4th century. This place was ruled by Cholas of Thanjavur from 10th to 13th century. Later it was replaced by Pandya Kingdom in the 13th century. Pondicherry was under the control of Vijayanagar Empire in the 14th century. This city was under the control of Bijapur sultan of 1638.
About Pondicherry City
Pondicherry is the capital city of Puducherry union territory . It covers a total land area of 492 Square Kilometers. It is also called as Pondy. The population of this town is 9,73,829. The main languages spoken here are Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, English and French. There are four districts which comprise this territory namely Pondicherry, Karaikal, Yanam and Mahe. The best season to visit Pondicherry is between July and February. This town is connected by airways, by railways, and by roadways. Pondicherry is a peaceful city. It is referred by names such as ‘Quintessence of French Culture’ and ‘The French Riviera of the East’. This city has the Farming crops such as rice, pulses, sugarcane, coconuts and cotton.
Pondy has the same topography like costal Tamil Nadu. The elevation of this city is at sea level. It has large number of backwater. This city has got lot of coastal erosions. Due to this they constructed breakwater in 1989 in south of the city. Once up on a time we can see a broad sandy beaches but now it is protected by the sea by the seawall. The height of this sea wall is 8.5m above the sea level and its length is 2km. The French government made this seawall in 1735 this seawall does not have a hard structure costal defense.
Pondicherry is also called as 'Little France'.
This Union territory was under the French rule for nearly 281 years. After India attained independence from British rule, the French handed over their territories in India on November 1, 1954. But, Pundicherry officially became an integral part of Indian Union in 1963, when the French Parliament in Paris ratified the Treaty with India. The Unique Union Terriroty of Pondichery comprises of four scattered coastal enclaves Pondicherry (now called as Puducheri) and Karaikal in Tamil Nadu, Yanam in Andhra Pradesh and Mahe in Kerala on the West coast. Still it has the French flavor in it as one can see by the grand colonial mansions, beautiful boulevards, and placid promenades, spellings on sign boards and buildings, names of roads and public places.
About Pondicherry India
Pondichery is a well planned and well built town. This is a typical example as one can learn the way the French people gave importance to order and flair. They are known for their rich and quality living. The French too had an eye on the wealth and the fertility of India. Thus the French dream of Indian empire began and got over by establishing their supremacy in this city. The French constructed many buildings based on their craft and grand architecture. They developed an oval shaped, lovely ‘boulevard town’ – the French quarter. This French quarter was laid out in a geometric grid pattern with straight roads intersecting at right angles. A boulevard encircled the town and a grand canal, divided it into two sections- one the Tamil side called as Ville Noire or the black town and the other, a European side which was known as Ville Blanche or the white town. The impressive Ville Blanche or white town resembles a typical Medieval French township clotted with fine built monuments, government buildings, majestic mansions, elegant churches and lush green parks.
The old timer still calls the place as Puduchery meaning (New Town), which appears odd today as it is neither new nor a village. This pretty town is the prodigal daughter now re-united to her mother country. About three centuries ago, founded as a coastal factory by the French, and developed from 1674 by Francois Martin, she has grown to its modern form and proportions of a clean, neat and well laid out town. The Union Territory of Pondicherry in South India covers an area of 492 square km, consists of four districts, Pondicherry, Karaikal, Mahe and Yanam. Pondicherry, capital of the Union Territory lies 162km south of Chennai.
Legend associates ancient Pondicherry with the great Hindu sage Agastya. Excavations in the Arikamedu area reveal that a Roman settlement existed here about 2000 years ago. In 1673Pulicheri, a fishermen's costal village 160km south of Chennai was acquired by the French as a trading post which they then called as Pondicherry. Kariakal was purchased by the French from the king of Thanjavur in 1738. Mahe was given to the French by the ruler of Badgara in 1721. Yanam came into their possession in 1731.
Today, It is a bustling town. French language is still widely spoken. Bastille day is celebrated here with all fervor as one would see in France.
Aurobindo, a revolutionary turned saint founded an Ashram at Pondichery to shape his ideas. It has now grown into an international Centre for seeking after divine life of Truth, Service and spiritual development. The Mother, a Paris-born painter-musician, became Aurobindo's close companion from 1920 until his death in 1950.
Pondicherry has a host of charming old churches, temples and mosques, renovated or rebuilt. The openness of the place drew people from all over to explore different forms of spiritual thought as elicited by the centres of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother. The Vadapureswarar Temple on Iswara Koil Street, Varadaraja Perumal Temple nearby and the Panchavatee Panchamukha Anjaneyar Temple are other pilgrim sites.
Pondicherry Tourist Places
Pondicherry is a one of the best tourist destination. It has lot of colonial buildings, churches, temples and statues. We can see the French style avenues in the old part of town. It is still preserved.
Auroville is about 10km north of Pondicherry, accessible from ECR via Kuilapalayam or Bommayarpalayam(Old Auroville Road).
Aurovillians insist their campus is not a tourist attraction but a living experiment in humanity. Flowers incense and the usual trappings of organized religion are discouraged. Guests are requested to read wall panels elaborating on the Auroville Charter and watch a 10-minute introductory film at the Visitors centre. This is also where entry passes can be collected and where hours can be spent in the cafeteria or browsing the photo exhibition, Kalki Auroville boutique and Seagull bookshop. It must be noted that motorized transport is discouraged within the township.
Home to 2,200 residents from 45 nationalities living in small clusters over a 20sqkm area, Auroville is a utopian concept. It can be approached from all sides as there are no compound walls to segregate it from the neighboring villages. Nearly 125 commercial units operate in the commune and contribute a third of their revenue to maintain the self-sustaining campus.
Auroville's impressive product range includes handmade paper (Auroville Papers), indigo-dyed clothing (The Colours of Nature), incense (Encens D'Auroville), body care (Maroma Spa) to handicrafts, food products, metalwork, architecture and renewable energy. Every year a huge bonfire is organized at the Amphitheatre on 15 Aug,21 Feb and 28 Feb in celebration of the birthdays of Sri Aurobindo, the mother and Auroville itself.
Sri Aurobindo Ashram Puducherry
Aurobindo Ashram is Situated all along the beach, this is the best-known landmark of Pondicherry. In the courtyard of the Ashram are the marble Samadhis where Aurobindo and the Mother have been laid to rest and the houses they lived in. Across the road is the Aurobindo International Centre, a school for children.
Sri Aurobindo Ashram is a 150-year-old French building where Sri Aurobindo and the Mother lived for most of their lives, the Ashram is an oasis of serenity. When the Mother settled in Pondichery in 1920 and the informal gathering of followers who flocked to learn Sri Aurobindo's Integral Yoga steadily increased, the Mother decided on collective organization. With the vision of creating a space for followers to be free to pursue a spiritual path for the true actualization of the Divine Self, the Ashram literally founded itself in 1926 and was moulded by the Mother over half a century. The Mother established Sri Aurobindo International Centre of Education (Ashram School) in 1952 and founded Auroville in 1968. In the central tree-shaded courtyard stands the flower-bedecked Samadhi enshrining the mortal remains of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother (who passed away in 1973). Visitors often sit around the Samadhi, with heads bowed in prayer.
Behind its calm exterior, the Ashram buzzes with activity. The 1500-strong community served by three generation of Ashramites work unselfishly, in the spirit of service with no hierarchy, successor or formula for life. Its 80 departments include farms, gardens, health care, guesthouses, engineering units, art studios and publications, among others. the complete works of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother are available at the SABDA bookshop in the main building and at Kripa, their outlet half a block away. Nearby is the Bureau central Office, designed as an exhibition hall, which introduces the vision of Sri Aurobindo, the Mother and their method of spiritual practice, through permanent exhibits of photographs, videos and books. Daily tours are conducted for those interested in visiting the Ashram's various units. Accommodation is provided with prior booking in several Ashram guesthouses like The Retreat, seaside and Park on Beach Road nearby.
Matri Mandir is surrounded by beautiful gardens, the 29m/95ft- high globe with a 36m/118ft diameter is the focal point of Auroville Township and a place for quiet contemplation. Four access routes, named Mahakali, Maheshwari, Mahalakshmi and Mahasaraswati, lead into the Matri Mandir. Twelve petals in red sandstone enfold twelve meditation chambers, each named after the Mother's manifestations. In the core chamber, the White Room, a crystal orb placed at the centre taps beam of sunlight as a symbol of future realization. Entry ino the Maatri Mandir is restricted and guests who obtain prior permission and passes to meditate inside are sent in two batches between 9.30-11am only.
A shaded 1km footpath leads to the Matri Mandir Viewing Point, a raised garden area, south of the Park of Unity. An electric shuttle is available for people who find it difficult to walk.
Puducherry Its Uniqueness
This unique union territory, Pondichery comprises of four scattered coastal enclaves- 1.Pondicherry is called as Puducheri now, 2. Karaikal which is in Tamilnadu, 3.Yanam in Andhra Pradesh and 4.Mahe in Kerala which lies on the west coast. These places have preserved the French heritage and its cultural aspects which are unique in India. Pondichery is a combination of cultures. The people here speak about 55 languages. The natural beauty mesmerizes and influences the visitors. People who love to go for shopping can select Pondicherry as goods in this town can be bought for cheaper prices and the shoppers can bargain and pay the minimal charges for goods to their satisfaction. The golden sea shores, the exclusive sunset cruises, the enchanting moonlit dinners and the blissful lagoons have given the lovely resort a reputation of being the most appropriate place for those in quest of a relaxed and leisurely holiday. Bicycle is the best mode of transport for moving around and visiting the beauty of Pondicherry.
Puducherry Torism Information
Puducherry becomes more evident in the oldest part of the town with grand boulevards and quite promenades. You will be greeted with large bouquets of bougainvilleas hanging over the ivory-colored walls of colonial mansions, some which trace back to the 18-century.
The beachcomber and sun worshipper have miles of virgin clear sand and soothing waters. Aurobindo Ashram and the Auroville are the main two attractions of Puducherry renowned centre of integral yoga and the centre of multiracial community work respectively. Puducherry is a place of many faiths. In and around Puducherry, there are some 350 big and small temples. It has festivals belonging t different origins and beliefs, all around the year. Puducherry is a favorite stomping ground of the passionate shopper famous for hand-spun fabric, ceramic and the leather.
Best Places in Pondicherry
Bharatidasan Memorial Museum
Bharatidasan Memorial Museum is situated in Perumal Koil street in the town, it has become a place of pilgrimage today to the Tamil people.
Mansion Ananda Ranga Pillar
Ranga Pillai was the Dubash (Indian representative of a European ruler) and had access to high places and lot of diplomatic information. His home, a beautiful house built in a curious mix of French and Indian Architectural styles is preserved as a museum along with his dairy and other records.
This grand Palace, typically French, was once the residence of Duplex, a great builder of Pondicherry. Today, this exquisite building with beautiful lawns in front and decorated with sculptures is the official residence of the Lieutenant Governor of Pondicherry.
Pondicherry has a lovely 1.5km long, where one can relax, sunbathe, swim or take a stroll along the promenade. Historical associations with the beach bring to mind the Anglo - French battles. A statue of Mahatma Gandhi set amidst eight monolithic pillars and the War Memorial raised by the French to honour the soldiers who died in World War I are the important monuments here. At one end of the beach is the statue of Duplex also. The Light house and the 284m long new pier are further south.
Plage Paradiso, Karaikal and Mahe Beach - ideal for a quick swim, a touch of sun, seaside tend, canoe or kayak, a game of beach volleyball, magnificent views and a cruise. Many resorts, cottages, cafes, and bars along the sea offer excellent facilities and incredible experience.
Puducherry beach is about 3km from the bus stand. Beach road is a refuge from the heat during the evening time. The formal names of this beach are Rue du Rampart, Cours de Cours de Chabrol and Gouber Salai. This beach has Architectural interest and the oceans are very charm.
Paradise Beach is very calm and it has a beautiful and clean environment. We can enjoy the beach by boat riding, trekking, fishing, swimming etc. It is a best place to celebrate our holidays near the palm trees.
Rock beach is one of famous beach in Pondicherry. This beach has 1.5km long walkway. It is best place for walking, jogging and strolling. We can feel fresh air in the evening to relax. This place is very wonderful to watch the sunrise.
Old light House
French rulers built the lighthouse in 19th century. It is one of the important historical places in Pondicherry. This lighthouse gives guideline to ships across the Red hills. It is about 3km from the bus stand.
Mahatma Gandhi Statue
Mahatma Gandhi Statue was inaugurated on January 26, 1965. Its height is about 4m and it is the third biggest statue of Mahatma Gandhi. This statue was corned by 8 pillars. These pillars were brought from Gingee Fort. It is an important landmark of Pondichery. This statue is about 2.5km from Pondicherry bus stand.
Aayi Mandapam built in Greco-Roman architecture; Arikamedu amazing ruins of some ancient French houses and Roman settlements; Ananda Ranga Pillai Mansion a curions mix of French and Indian styles, it is one of the oldest surviving buildings; The Statue of Dupliex ithis 2.88m tall structure is Puducherry tribute to Francois Dupelix, the Governor at the end of French rule in 1754; Place Du Gouvernment - a brilliant example of architecture, now the Governor House; French War Memorial the peaceful promenade, an elegant tribute to the soldiers and the French Cemetery at Karaikal.
The 17 and 18 centuries imposing churches are noteworthy for their architectural brilliance, the prominent of them are The Eglisede Sacre Cceur de Jesus; The Eglise de Norte Dame de la Conception Immaculee and The Eglise de Norte Dama des Anges. The Sacred Heart of Jesus is a church in the South Boulevard and is noted for its Gothic architecture, stained glass corridors and panels depicting incidents from the life of Jesus Christ.
Pondicherry Museum is located opposite the Government Park with the premises of the Romaine Rolland Library, the museum has an outstanding collection of artifacts especially relating to French Indian History. The sculpture gallery is a treasure house of Pallava and Chola art. Displays the archaeological findings of the Roman settlement, excavated south of Puducherry at Arikamedu, the Chola bronzes and sculptures, glimpses of French heritage. Modern and traditional handicraft specimens, paintings armouries, carvings and many other things of historical interest. Puducherry museum is about 3km from the bus stand. Timings: 10am to 4pm. Museum will be closed on mondays and holidays.
Botanical Garden is about 2km from Pondy. Conceived in 1862 by C.S.Perrotet, this garden boasts of a variety of rare and exotic plants from India and abroad. The aquarium inside is worth seeing.
Discover yoga at the seat of spirituality and yoga, Aurbindo Ashram, established by revolutionary turned yoga from Bengal, Sri Aurbindo and his spiritual partner, The Mother.
Most Prominent of many shrines are the 18-century Veda Puriswarar Temple housing stone inscriptions and a swayambhulinga; the 12-century Sri Gokilambal Tirukameswara Temple of Villiannur (10km); The Sri Panchanadeeswara Temple at Tiruvandarkoil; The Manakulavinaygar Temple and the 12-century Varadarja Temple. Of all the mosques, the most famous is Masthan Saheb Dargah, also for its Kandhuri Festival in November.
Trips from Puducherry
Chidambaram (74km) The town synonymous with Lord Nataraja; Tiruvannamalai (105km)- ashram of Ramana Maharshi and the famous Arunachaleswara Temple; Mammallapuram (98km) the world heritage site of the famous Shore Temple and an excellent beach resort destination; Kancheepuram (130km) - the town known for its temples and silk.
Karaikal, also a former French enclave, is about 135km to Puduchery south. You can enjoy its quite river promenade and charming backstreets. From here you can hop over to Tranquebar (12km) the former Danish settlement; Poompuhar (35km) the ancient historic port city of Cholas; and Velankanni (25km) - associated with the Basilica of our Lady of Health. 20km on south of Puducherry is the minor post of Cuddalore and about 34km to its south west is Vadalur, the site of Satayagana Sabha founded by Ramainga Swamigal.
Mandjapatti is about 50km from Pondy. This is the location of the cave temple dedicated to the Trinity Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva. This is believed to be the first temple built during the reign of Pallava king Mahendra Varma.
Tiruvakkarai is about 29km from Pondy. An ancient dedicated to Chandramouleshwara noted for its architectural grandeur of the Chola period is a famous shrine. The fossil-bearing areas around this region are believed to be hundred million year old.
Pondicherry is connected by air, rail and road with many parts of South India. Very good lodges are available in the town and along the beach. Aurobindo Ashram has excellent guest houses and they are available to the ashram visitors. Very good food is provided by the Ashram Kitchen. Taxis and autorickshaws are available for local sightseeing.
Anglo-French Textile mills
An Anglo-French Textile mill is 2km from bus stand. It was over a century above. The fabrics and products of this mill make ideal momentous. This mill gives 10% rebate on purchases made by tourist who go on guided tours. Phone: 0413 - 2358951.